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Quick Guide To Systems Applications and Products in Data Processing (SAP)

  • By Content Desk
  • June 10, 2019
  • 2 minutes read
Reading Time: 2 minutes

Have you ever tried using SAP for your organization? If not, then may be by reading this will help you decide for the better. Wondering how SAP will help your organization manage processes? Here we breakdown the basics of SAP so you can make an informed decision.

What is SAP?

SAP is also named as Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) software. Company’s business processes are handled by ERP system. These processes include human resources, sales, finance, sales, production and accounting and are integrated in a system. That system facilitates the effective use of resources such as machines, manpower and much more. It also ensures that the data is transferred from one SAP component to other without redundancy.

According to its 2018 corporate fact sheet, SAP serves more than 404,000 customers in 180 countries, of which 80% are small and medium-sized businesses. It’s estimated that 77% of all global business transactions come in contact with an SAP system. On the Forbes 2018 list of “The World’s Largest Public Companies,” SAP was ranked the 12th-largest technology company, with a 2017 revenue of $27.4 billion. SAP is headquartered in Walldorf, Germany.

Introduction to SAP HANA

SAP HANA is an in-memory, column-oriented, relational database management system. Its primary function as a database server is to store and retrieve data as requested by the applications. It is a technology that can process real-time data in short period of time.

It generates results super-fast and provides agility, it is cost effective and can process any form of data. SAP S/4HANA is SAP’s ERP for large enterprises. It is the successor of SAP R/3 and SAP ERP and is optimized for SAP’s in-memory database SAP HANA.

Still wondering what’s the use of SAP and how it helps in maintaining the data of your organization? Let’s understand its architecture and its use.

SAP Architecture

SAP Architecture

Above figure illustrates 3-tier architecture of SAP. Presentation layer provides interface to the users, application layer providing business logic and database layer stores the data. Let’s understand each layer in detail.

Presentation Layer: Presentation tier is located on the computer of the user, providing them SAP GUI which is light in weight and provides interface for communication between the user and SAP ERP.

Application Layer: It is the backbone of SAP ERP as it executes the business logic that handles all the transactions and access to databases. If the load exceeds the logic, it can be distributed among several servers.

Database Layer: There are two types data stored in the database, one is the actual data while the other includes programs that are to be executed frequently.

Now that we understand the components of SAP ERP, let’s move on to how SAP works.

The application layer is the backbone of SAP as it executes all the programs and look after the transactions. Application layer gets the input from the server and displays it in form of presentation while the database stores the data.

SAP is well known for its Data Management and Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP). Having SAP-integrated with your systems provides you an efficient output. It is both time and cost-effective.

Looking forward to SAP Integration or smoother inventory management? Contact experts at Cygnet at +1-609-245-0971 or

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